The word trauma refers to an injury that is caused by some external force. Orthopaedic Trauma is a term for various orthopaedic conditions which are developed due to chronic or traumatic injuries and require immediate medical help. An orthopaedic trauma injury is a result of a severe fall, a serious accident, or even a violent attack. Doctors offer surgical and non-surgical orthopaedic services for repairing fractures and other trauma injuries. The main aim of the surgery is to avoid any further damage to the affected area which is possible if the problem is left untreated.
What Are The Indicators For Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery?Trauma care surgeries are performed in a variety of cases such as:
- Chronic Injuries
- Joint Damage Suffered in an Accident
- Bone Fracture or Dislocation
- Limb Amputation
- Gunshot Wounds
- Childhood disorders e.g., dislocated hip etc.
- Growth abnormalities of the hip, such as shallow socket, may lead to premature arthritis.
- Trauma (fracture)
- Increased stress e.g., overuse, overweight, etc.
- Avascular necrosis (loss of blood supply)
- Connective tissue disorders
- Inflammation e.g., Rheumatoid arthritis
Total Hip Replacement (THR) or Total Hip Arthroplasty is an operation to replace the worn or damaged parts of your hip joint. The surfaces of the diseased joint are removed and replaced with a mechanical, artificial joint called prosthesis. This surgery can relieve the pain and stiffness in your hip joint. Your new hip prosthesis has femur and pelvic parts made from metals and plastics. The cup replaces the worn hip socket of your pelvis. The ball replaces the worn end of your thigh bone (femur). The ball is attached to a stem that fits into your femur. The cup and stem are sometimes cemented in place with a special bone cement, or the metals may have a porous surface that bone will grow into and create a tight fit. The prosthesis can last 10 to 15 years. However, over time it may become worn and loose and a replacement (revision) of the hip may be required A hip replacement is a mechanical device with parts that are assembled before and during the operation, most commonly referred to as a "ball and socket." After surgery, the prosthetic ball and socket restore movement in the hip during the life-span of the prosthesis. Current surgical techniques and hip replacement implants provide excellent clinical results and predictable long-term outcomes. However, over time the original components of a Total Hip Replacement (THR) can break down and loosen from the bone surface they were once firmly attached. Revision Hip Replacement, also known as Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty, involves the exchange of some or all worn components with new ones. The degree of complexity for this procedure is dependent on the amount of loosening and associated damage to the underlying bone surfaces that may have occurred over time. Specialized components, bone graft and cement may be used to rebuild the hip joint. Dr. Pankaj Jain will compare a series of your x-rays taken over many years to observe changes in implant position or the condition of the surrounding bone. Based on these factors, he will decide with you if a revision surgery is necessary.